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History of Homoeopathy Before Hahnemann

In very ancient Indian Text  “Bhagvat Purana’ (About 3500 B.C.) It is written as under: -

vke;s ;'p Hkwruke~ vk;rs g;sr lqozrA
rnso gh vk;e nzO;e~ U;qU;fr fpfdRlde~ AA
; ,oa u``.kk fdz;k ;ksxk% losZ lals`fr gsrso%A
r ,o ,oe~ fOkUkk'; dyiUrs dfyirk% ijsAA

Means:- A disease is produced in the organism by a drug, is cured by same drug itself. Is it not? Like the mind that is the cause of worldly fetters is in itself the agent for release for such falters by self-immolation.

Ayurveda it is clearly mentioned
^le% lea 'e;fr
Means :Likes are cured by likes

In HOLY BIBLE:- One comes across the Mekilta stating that whereas the man heals with contrary remedies, God heals with similars. Come and see the healing of Holy one blessed be He, is not like the healing of man. Man doesn’t heal with the same thing with which he wounds, but he wounds with a knife and heals with plaster. The holy one blessed be He, however is not so,  He heals with the very thing with which he smites.”

HIPPOCRATES:- It is interesting to see how Hippocrates-the father of medicines has mentioned this law of similars. In the chapter 1 of the book “Peritopon ton Kat antriopari-Codex of the words of Hippocrates, Magni Hippokratis Coiopera Omnia’ he writes “Through the likes the disease is produced and through the application of the like it is cured. The disease is produced by influences which act similar to healing process and disease condition is removed through remedies which produce similar symptoms to the disease. The disease is induced through influences of similar as remedies and disease is eliminated though remedies able to produce the similar symptoms.


We also find this law of similar being advocated in the writings of Aristotle (384-322),
PARACELSUS (1493-1541)
Stahle of Denmark (1660-1734) Theury Haller of Swiss (1708-1777) and others.

Modern Sciences
Summary –Automaticity of the Body
(Source – Physiology By Guyton)
The  purpose of this chapter has been to point out first, the overall organization of the body and, second. The means by which the different parts of the body operate in harmony. To summarize, the body is actually a social order of about 100 trillion cells organized into different functional structures, some of which are called organs. Each functional structure provides its share in the maintenance of homeostatic conditions in the extra cellular fluid, which is called the internal environment, the cells of the body continue to live and function properly. Thus, each cell benefits from homeostasis, and in turn, each  cell contributes its share toward the maintenance of homeostasis. This reciprocal interplay provides continuous automaticity of the body until one or more functional systems lose their ability to contribute their share, of function When this happens, all the cells of the body suffer. Extreme dysfunction leads to death. Whereas moderate dysfunction leads to sickness.

History of Homoeopathy
Samuel Hahnemann was a German physician who earned his Doctor of Medicine degree in 1779.  At the time of his graduation, Scientific advances were beginning to be seen in the fields of chemistry, physics, physiology and anatomy.  The clinical practice of medicine, however, was rife with superstition and lack of scientific rigor.  The treatments of the day, such as purgatives, bleeding, blistering plasters, herbal preparations  and emetics lacked a rational basis and were more harmful than effective.  Hahnemann recognized this and wrote critically of current practices in several papers on topics such as Arsenic poisoning, hygiene, dietetics and psychiatric treatment.  

While translating William Cullen's A treatise of the materia medica into German, Hahnemann was struck by a passage that deal with cinchona bark, which was used to treat malaria.  Cullen described its mechanism of action as a function of its stomach-strengthening properties.  Hahnemann did not accept this explanation and took "four good drams of Peruvian bark, twice a day for several days" to attempt to characterize the action of the quinine-containing bark.  Hahnemann reported that he began to develop symptoms identical to those of malaria.  He concluded from this experience that effective drugs must produce symptoms in healthy people that are similar to the diseases they will be expected to treat.  Today this principal is known as the "Law of Similars" and is the basis for the use of the term homeopathy ("similar suffering").

Hahnemann and colleagues began to test various substances to determine the types of symptoms they produced.  These results suggested to Hahnemann what the drugs would be useful to treat.  Hahnemann reasoned that doses of these substances that produced overt symptoms would be inappropriate for treatment of diseases with the same symptoms.  Thus he advocated reduction of the dose to infinitesimal levels by multiple serial dilutions of ten or hundred fold .   Soluble compounds or liquids were diluted in alcohol; insoluble materials were serially diluted by grinding with lactose.  (more specific descriptions of his reasoning can be found in the "philosophical basis" section.  He compiled his results into a treatise called the "Organon of rational therapeutics" which he first published in 1810.  The sixth edition, published in 1921, is still used today as homeopathy's basic text.  Hahnemann practiced Homeopathic medicine for almost 50 years until his death in 1843.

Homeopathy had a large impact on the practice of medicine.  The first homeopathic hospital opened in 1832 and homeopathic medical schools opened all over Europe.  Homeopathic hospitals and practitioners often had better outcomes compared to their allopathic counterparts.  These improved outcomes were undoubtedly due to the harmful nature of allopathic remedies of the time compared to the non-toxic nature of homeopathic remedies.  Thus the general public began to tout the benefits of homeopathy and demand better treatment from all physicians.  

Allopathic medicine began to develop rational approaches to the study of disease, partially due to the competition offered by homeopathy and began to make significant gains by the end of the 19th century.  By the early part of the twentieth century, homeopathy was in serious decline.  The last pure homeopathic medical school in the U.S. closed in 1920, although Hahnemann Medical School in Philadelphia continued to offer homeopathic electives until the 1940's.  Homeopathy began to enjoy a resurgence in the US in the 1970's as the public took a greater interest in holistic and natural approaches to medicine.